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    京ICP備18058150號-5
    > 歷史解密

    阿拔斯王朝的領土有多大?什么樣的政治制度

    阿拔斯王朝建立后,它控制了阿拉伯半島和美索不達米亞。當曼蘇爾統治時,它大規模擴大其領土并吞并埃及,高加索和中亞。阿拔斯王朝在其高峰時期與西部的摩洛哥,東部的印度,北部的高加索和南部的撒哈拉沙漠接壤。它占地面積超過1000萬平方公里,是世界上面積最大的國家。

    在阿拔斯王朝的后半部分,王朝可以控制的領土的三分之一不足以控制印度邊境的中亞和西亞地區的兩條河流。

    阿拔斯王朝是一個封建的行政和宗教融合體系。

    在行政管理中,經常采用波斯政治制度。這個王朝使波斯人能夠擔任重要職務,吸收了來自不同地方的非阿拉伯人的穆斯林貴族和學者參與政治。哈利法是最高權威的人。

    哈里發努力將神圣的品格賦予他的統治,聲稱自己是“真主的代理人”,先知穆罕默德家族的法規和正統教義的捍衛者。在哈里發,“Viczi”(總理)擁有更大的權力。除了皇太子的決心,王朝的所有行政和宗教事務,總理都可以處理哈里發的意志。

    王朝完善了司法制度,法官是相信伊斯蘭教,精通教學和教學,具有優秀學術成績的法學家。教導法官只聽穆斯林訴訟。王朝建立了一個嚴格的警察組織,國家警察局局長也是哈里發的哈里發酋長,由突厥衛隊的將軍取代??。

    該國分為五個省,由總督負責,總督在其管轄范圍內擁有絕對權力。

    最終的通用貨幣是Harlan Rashid Dinar(黃金)。

    該王朝擁有訓練有素的100,000名哈里發衛兵,包括騎兵,步兵和弓箭,以及海軍艦隊。

    國民軍的總司令稱為“偉大的埃米爾”。守衛軍最初由呼羅珊人組成,后來成為新的突厥奴隸衛隊。在競選期間從各地區招募的部隊被稱為“Mutwar”(意為志愿者)。

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